23rd January 1989
Artist Salvador Dali dies from heart failure at the age of 84.
Surrealist Salvador Dalí is largely known for his piece ‘The Persistence of Memory’, commonly referred to as ‘the melting clocks’ which he created in 1931.
Whilst studying at the Academia de San Fernando in Madrid (from 1922) Dalí was drawn to Metaphysics and Cubism which set him apart from his fellow peers. But, after a year of studies 1923 saw the artist dismissed from the academy and arrested for allegedly supporting the Separatist movement.
Although he returned to the academy in 1926 he was permanently expelled the same year for deeming none of the staff worthy enough of examining his work.
Between 1926 and 1929, Dalí made several trips to Paris where he crossed paths with such influential artists as Pablo Picasso and René Magritte who introduced him to Surrealism. His work had then become associated with 3 general themes; 1) man's universe and sensations, 2) sexual symbolism and 3) ideographic imagery.
Throughout his career, Salvador Dalí commissioned work exploring Futurism, Impressionism, Surrealism and Cubism before being forced to retire in 1980 due to a motor disorder that caused his hands to permanently tremble. After his wife’s death in 1982 he sunk into deep depression, no longer being able to express himself the way he once could. In a tragic decline, Dalí was confined to a wheelchair in 1984 after being burned in a fire. In 1988 the artist was admitted to hospital with heart failure and his funeral was held at the Teatro-Museo, where the iconic artist was buried in a crypt.
Enjoy the below video which celebrates some of Dalí’s most spectacular work.